Einstein Horse – The Smallest Horse In The World!

einstein horse

When we hear the name Einstein, a distinct image pops into our head: frizzy white hair, the equation E = mc², and maybe a tongue out, too.

But, in the equine world, the name Einstein carries a much different connotation.

A much…smaller one!

Who is Einstein the Miniature Horse?

Einstein is the world’s smallest stallion. When he was born on April 22, 2010, he weighed six pounds and stood fourteen inches off the ground. That’s a heck of a lot lighter than the weight of the average 150 pounds to 200 pounds that most newborn thoroughbred horses weigh!

Einstein was born the parent of two other champion miniature horses. His mother stood a grand 32-inches tall while dad measured 30-inches in height.

When he was born, his co-owner Rachel Wagner was amazed at the lack of dysmorphic features that seem to plague other really tiny horses. “This little guy is like all horses — he’s almost all legs. He is a very perfect looking little boy and not dwarfy looking at all,” Wagner added.

Upon his birth, the world was taken aback at his tiny and, frankly, adorable stature. People from all over the world flocked to his hometown of Barnstead, New Hampshire to get up-close-and-personal with this bite-sized stallion.

Is Einstein the Mini Horse Healthy?

Although horses with dwarfism are often plagued by health issues, Einstein has remained relatively healthy throughout the course of his life.

The only major medical event of Einstein’s life occurred when he suffered a spinal cord injury at just two months old. Einstein set another world-record on the date of his surgery for being the only horse to ever be operated on by a canine neurosurgeon. Due to Einstein’s size, the equine surgeon originally tapped for the job couldn’t perform the operation.

After eight long hours of surgery, Einstein’s spine was held together by just five screws and seven pins. He was standing by the next day and prancing across stage at the Oprah Winfrey Show in Chicago two months later. Years later, you probably couldn’t tell he underwent major spinal surgery if you saw him running.

Where is Einstein the Mini Horse Today?

Shortly after his birth, Einstein moved from New Hampshire to Bellingham, Washington to live with his owners, Charlie Cantrell and Dr. Rachel Wagner, MD.

What’s the Difference Between a Mini Horse and a Pony?

miniature horse Although Einstein is small like a pony, it’s important to note both that he is not a pony and that ponies and miniature horses are different types of animals.

Mini horses are the product of selective breeding certain, small horse breeds over time. Ponies, on the other hand, gained their short stature and bulky build as a product of evolution to thrive in locations with harsh climates.

To tell the difference between the two, remember that mini horses have a long neck, a small head, and a not-overly-thick mane, tail, and coat. In comparison, ponies are shorter, stockier, and furrier. They often have a thick, short neck and stubby, short legs.

Why Do People Breed Mini Horses?

This question is asked a lot online, and it makes sense: what do you do with a mini horse exactly?

The answer: a whole lot!

Since first being bred in the 1600s, miniature horses have been used for a variety of functions including competing in shows, assisting laborers, and offering companionship – all the things their larger brethren can do!

Today, miniature horses have found a new job in providing comfort, care, and assistance to children, the terminally ill, the elderly, the blind, and people living with mental health issues.

However, while they often work and interact indoors, miniature horses are still horses. They will have the best chance of living a healthy, happy life by being raised outside.

What are the Risks of Breeding Mini Horses?

smallest horse

Breeding miniature horses raises a variety of potential health and musculoskeletal issues that can arise without careful monitoring and care-taking by the horse’s owner.

For starters, dwarfism can be an unfortunate result of breeding even when neither parents are dwarves themselves. Even more unfortunate is that dwarfism tends to be more dramatic and life-altering in miniature horses. A dwarf mini can have any combination of limb, spine, and jaw deformities which can cause any degree of pain or discomfort.

However, while the best practices for keeping a miniature horse happy and healthy are largely the same as they are for large breeds, miniature horses are uniquely susceptible to certain health issues.

Miniature horses often struggle with obesity due to overfeeding and a lack of exercise. Ideally, miniature horses should consume approximately 1.5% of their body weight in hay daily. Vitamin and mineral requirements are also similar to large breeds on a per weight basis.

Miniature horses also tend to suffer from worse dental hygiene than large breed horses due to teeth overcrowding, overbites, and underbites. These frequent dental issues also lead to a reduction in miniature horses’ ability to properly chew and grind feed, making them also prone to developing colic.

To combat the cascading negative health consequences of unchecked poor dental hygiene, veterinarians at UC Davis recommend that newborn foals have their first oral exam shortly after birth to identify any dental abnormalities.

Finally, miniature horses are at a much greater risk than larger breeds for developing hyperlipidemia. This is a condition where a disorder in your mini horse’s lipid metabolism causes fat to be released from lipid stores and transported to the liver where it’s broken down and converted into fatty acids. These fatty acids are then taken up through the liver and converted in triglycerides before being sent into the bloodstream. The horse then develops “fatty” blood which eventually overwhelms the liver and other organs, leading to liver failure and then rupture.

Miniature horses affected with hyperlipidemia will display a stark decline in appetite coupled with lethargy and weakness before progressing to more serious symptoms like tremors, seizure, head pressing, and death. Hyperlipidemia should be suspected in any mini horse that has been off feed more than 24 hours.

We hope you found this article helpful and if your horse ever gets any cuts, abrasions, scratches or white line disease, we hope you keep Banixx Horse & Pet Care in mind. Visit our horse page to learn more about how to keep your horse happy and healthy!

Can Cats Eat Popcorn?

cats and popcorn

Imagine it’s movie night and your feline friend starts cuddling up next to you to keep you company.

Or, is she just trying to get a taste of that delicious popcorn in your lap?

But is popcorn even safe for cats?

Can Cats Have Popcorn?

They can, but they probably shouldn’t. Eating popcorn isn’t likely to pose any trouble to your cat. However, there are certain risks to take into consideration before letting your cat scoop up loose kernels off the floor.

Is Popcorn Safe for Cats?

popcorn cat Popcorn isn’t inherently toxic or harmful to cats of any age or breed. However, that doesn’t mean that you should frequently feed Mr. Whiskers kernels of popcorn. But, theoretically, popcorn that has been popped using an air fryer and that has had no flavorings or salt added is okay for cats to eat in moderation. But, let’s be honest, how many of us eat popcorn that way? Where’s the butter? The salt?

What Are Some Health Benefits of Popcorn?

For you and I, if unsalted and unflavored, popcorn can deliver a variety of health benefits to humans. Popcorn is so nutritious, in fact, that it has been designated as a whole grain food. This low-calorie snack is incredibly fibrous and is chock-full of essential nutrients and vitamins including B1, B3, B6 and minerals like zinc, magnesium, and potassium.

Additionally, due to their low water content, popcorn kernels are uniquely rich in polyphenol antioxidants which have been linked to improving circulation, helping digestive issues, and reducing the risk of prostate and breast cancer. But, a cat is not a human, so these benefits don’t necessarily follow!

What Are Some Risks of Feeding Popcorn to Cats?

coughing cat There are many reasons to be cautious about feeding your cat popcorn. The first has to do with your cat’s weight. While we may think of popcorn as a low-calorie snack, it’s a different story for cats. Cats need far fewer daily calories than we do, which means eating too much of this “low-calorie” snack can actually contribute to our whiskered pal gaining weight.

Cats aren’t even really supposed to eat carbs anyway – they’re obligate carnivores. That means they should try and eat as few carbohydrates and grains (like corn kernels) as possible in their daily diet. Cats who eat too many carbs may develop digestive issues such as diarrhea and vomiting.

Plus, like dogs, cats should avoid eating too much salt. Otherwise, they can develop a potentially life-threatening condition known as sodium poisoning, or salt poisoning. Popcorn can also contain hydrogenated oil which can cause a variety of symptoms, eventually leading to fatty liver.

Unfortunately, the prepackaged, microwavable varieties found in grocery stores also contain significant amounts of perfluorooctanoic acid, which has been linked to ADHD and thyroid problems in humans. The large quantity of artificial butter, while certainly delicious, also poses a potential issue. Artificial butter is flavored using the chemical compound named diacetyl which has been shown to cause lung disease in animals if they breathe it in.

Lastly, the kernels can pose a serious choking hazard, especially for kittens. If you’re going to feed your cat popcorn, make sure it’s a fully popped piece. If you notice your cat having trouble swallowing, grab a water dish and get your cat to take sips to dislodge any stuck pieces of kernel.

How to Get Your Cat to Stop Eating Popcorn

cats eating popcorn Some cats feel enchanted by the rich smell of popcorn, others are just compelled to seek out any food that’s nearby. Regardless, sometimes we slip up and our cats get to a few kernels of popcorn here and there.

Two of the simplest solutions for you to adopt in order to stop your cat from eating popcorn are:

  1. Covering the snack when you leave the room, and
  2. Never giving in to your cat’s demands.

No matter how convincing they are or how loud they’re yowling, just remember: eating popcorn isn’t good for your cat and that you shouldn’t give it to them.

Okay…just one more bite.

We hope you found this article helpful and if your dog ever gets any cuts, abrasions, ear infections or ringworm, we hope you keep Banixx Pet Care in mind. For more information on how to keep your cat happy and healthy, visit our cat page.

Can Dogs Eat Cherries?


There’s not quite anything quite as scrumptious looking as a big bowl of freshly washed cherries on a hot summer day. Their sweet, succulent flesh has a natural allure to it that makes it almost irresistible to bite into. 

But what should you do if your pooch is waiting patiently for you to throw one his way? 

Should you give it to him?

Do Cherries Have Any Health Benefits for Dogs?

cherry dogs Yes!

Cherries are rich in nutrients that dogs need to maintain a healthy life including vitamins A and C. A heavy presence of fibers aids in digestion, while a high concentration of antioxidants help stimulate brain function and reduce the negative effects of aging. 

Additionally, cherries only deliver 77 calories per cup – only 60% of the calories provided by a large Milk Bone treat!

Are Cherries Safe for Dogs to Eat?

dog cherries

While cherries do provide some small health benefits, the short answer to the question “Are cherries safe for dogs?” is: Only if they’re prepared correctly, and even then… with caution!!

 While the flesh of cherries are undoubtedly both a delicious and low-calorie treat, their pits, stems and leaves all pose a serious problem for dogs..

Here is why—Cherry pits, stems and leaves contain trace amounts of amygdalin. When amygdalin is crushed or chewed, it is converted into a lethal neurotoxin known as cyanide. 

Besides being poisonous, cherry pits are notoriously tough to bite through – even for your pup’s tough canines. Even if your dog can bite through a cherry pit without damaging their teeth, chewed up cherry pits can perforate your dog’s esophagus or intestinal lining.

How Should You Serve Cherries to Dogs?

cherry doggies You should only serve cherries to dogs if they have had their pits removed along with the stems and leaves. This will ensure your dog does not accidentally choke or suffer from cherry poisoning. However, remember, cherry poisoning is only a concern if the pits, stems or leaves have been ingested.

When it comes to the actual fruit itself, the only concern is adding extra sugar to your dog’s diet. Extra sugar adds unwanted calories while also harming your dog’s oral health. Plus, too much sugar can cause gastrointestinal stress which can lead to diarrhea or vomiting.

What is Cherry Poisoning?

Cherry poisoning is a food-borne illness that arises from ingesting a large enough dose of cyanide found in cherry pits, stems and leaves. If the cherries in question had their pits, stems and leaves removed, cherry poisoning is not a major concern. Symptoms of cherry poisoning include:

  • Labored breathing
  • Hyperventilation
  • Abnormally fast heart rate
  • Seizures
  • Convulsions
  • Tremors
  • Collapsing
  • Bright red mucous membranes

What Do I Do if My Dog Ate Cherry Pits?

cherry The answer to this question depends on two things: the amount of unpitted cherries your dog consumed, and how big your dog is.

If your 80-pound Rottweiler ate one cherry with its pit, just keep an eye on them and watch for any changes in their behavior. But if your 15-pound Dachshund ate a dozen unpitted cherries that spilled on the floor? Scoop them up and head to the vet ASAP.

Regardless, if you suspect your dog has eaten more than just a few unpitted cherries, it’s best to err on the side of caution. Due to the fast-acting lethality that potential cyanide poisoning can pose, it’s important to act quickly and get to the veterinarian right away.

How to Diagnose Cherry Poisoning in Dogs?

Once you arrive at the vet’s office, they will ask you how many unpitted cherries your dog has consumed and how long it has been since they ate them. The vet will then decide whether to conduct a urinalysis, blood work, or a complete examination. Your vet will specifically check the level of cyanide in your dog’s blood. If the amount is above 3 mcg/mL, the vet will immediately begin cyanide poisoning treatment.

However, if your dog presents with the clinical symptoms of cyanide poisoning outlined above, the vet will quickly assess your dog’s situation and begin treatment. The vet will likely take test samples of tissue from the liver and stomach to determine the extent of the poisoning.

How Do You Treat Cherry Poisoning in Dogs?

pistachios toxic dogs The only way to properly treat cherry poisoning is to have a qualified veterinarian administer care to your dog. Once your vet diagnoses cherry poisoning, they may proceed with any of a number of treatment options.

These can include administering nitrate gas or the ingestion of either thiocyanate or rhodanese via IV fluids. Additionally, sodium thiosulfate pills can halt the production of cyanide within your dog and allow for its removal by way of urination.

After your dog has been given treatment, your veterinarian will give you more information on how to care for your recovering furball at home. Once home, keep a watchful eye on your dog and look out for any new symptoms that pop up. If they develop any symptoms, bring them back to the vet for a reevaluation.

Like people, dogs can suffer severe illness as a response to food-borne allergies. Click here to learn more about why you should avoid feeding your dog too much pistachios.

We hope you found this article helpful and if your dog ever gets any cuts, abrasions, ear infections or hot spots, we hope you keep Banixx Pet Care in mind. Go to our dog page to learn more about how to keep your dog happy and healthy!

Can Dogs Eat Pineapple?

dog pineapple

Pineapple’s tart and tangy flavors evoke scenes of beachside relaxation and breezy, seaside air.

Whether it’s served as a wedge in a Pina Colada or sliced onto some delicious roast pork, pineapple is an irresistible summer snack.

But what should you do next time you’re cutting pineapple and hear your four-legged friend start begging? 

Should you cut up a pineapple spear just for him? 

Or maybe try and distract him before feeding him an alternative treat?

Are Pineapples Healthy for Dogs?

dog size chunks of pineapple Yes! 

Pineapples are rich in essential nutrients including Vitamins B6 and C, thiamin, riboflavin, niacin, and folate. Additionally, pineapples contain a high concentration of nutrient-dense minerals including manganese, copper, potassium, magnesium, iron and trace amounts of calcium, phosphorus and zinc.

Should You Give Your Dog Pineapple?

A few slices of pineapple can be a great, healthy treat for your dog! However, like with most foods, pineapple should only be served in moderation. Additionally, you should only serve your dog fresh pineapple. Canned pineapple is loaded with sugar. Not only will this add unnecessary calories to your pooch’s diet, but it can also upset their stomach and cause vomiting or diarrhea.

Are There Risks to Feeding Your Dog Pineapple?

One potential risk of feeding your dog pineapples is their potent acidity. Pineapples are rich in bromelain which dissolves the protective mucous in our tongues and mouths. If too much pineapple is ingested, this can lead to an unpleasant stinging sensation which can irritate your dog. 

The acid from pineapples can also disrupt your dog’s gastrointestinal system, resulting in an upset stomach and unwanted side effects such as nausea, vomiting, and diarrhea.

Additionally, pineapples contain a tough outer skin, pointy leaves and a rock-solid core. If ingested, any of these components can cause an obstruction and will be exceedingly difficult for your pup to ingest.

Pineapples are also a very fibrous fruit, so be sure to pair them with plenty of water when you feed them to your dog. Otherwise, they may have trouble digesting them.

How to Prepare Pineapple for Your Dog

pineapple and dogs It’s easy to properly prepare delicious pineapple slices for your furry friend.

Just follow these simple steps:

  • Lay the pineapple on its side
  • Cut off where the pineapple tapers, near its leaves and bottom
  • Stand the pineapple up
  • Cut off the pineapple’s tough skin, making sure to not cut more than a half-inch deep
  • Lay the pineapple on its side (last time, we promise)
  • Cut the pineapple into one-inch chunks
  • Remove the bits of core from each slice
  • Cut the remaining pineapple into one-inch chunks

After you’re done cutting up the pineapple, you may be looking at a big pile of trimmings and begin wondering “What parts of a pineapple can my dog eat?”

The answer is simple: only feed your dog the actual fruit of the pineapple. Pineapple cores are notoriously difficult for your dog to digest. Pineapple skin, with its spiky surface, is both hard to swallow and may actually tear up your dog’s esophagus on its way down.

How Much Pineapple Should Your Dog Eat?

Your dog should only eat pineapple in moderation. There is a rule that is touted by veterinarians that your dog should only get 20% of their calories from fruits and vegetables, and only 10% from treats. 

To provide a more practical example, let’s say your dog weighs sixty pounds.

They require around 1,000 calories per day to maintain a healthy weight.

Using the rule above, your dog should only consume 200 calories of fruits and vegetables per day and 100 calories of treats per day. One cup of fresh pineapple is roughly equal to 82.5 calories, but, as in any food consumption, moderation is the key. It would not be a good idea to suddenly feed your dog 2 cups of fresh pineapple out of the blue; it would be too much acid for her system and probably cause a tummy upset although not being wrong… in strict theory.

When Should You Feed your Dog Pineapple?

pineapple You should only feed your dog pineapple in sensible amounts, preferably as a treat. Reward your dog for good behavior or for progressing in training by throwing them a nice chunk of pineapple, appropriate to their size. This both provides them with a delicious treat and reinforces positive behavior.

We hope you found this article helpful and if your dog ever gets any cuts, abrasions, ear infections or hot spots, we hope you keep Banixx Pet Care in mind. Go to our dog page to learn more about how to keep your dog happy and healthy!

Can Dogs Eat Popcorn?


It’s movie night.

As you mindlessly reach for another handful of buttery, crunchy popcorn you spot a shadowy, four-legged figure approaching quickly from the corner of your eye.

dogs and popcorn

Before you even have time to scream in terror, light from the TV reveals the frightful figure’s furry coat.

It’s just your dog trying to get a bite of that delicious popcorn!

Relief washes over you.

As you reach into the bowl to grab a few pieces you have the thought “Huh…can dogs even eat popcorn?”

Can Dogs Eat Popcorn?

Yes, if prepared right!

 As long as the popcorn is fully popped and contains no additional salt, butter, or seasoning, plain popcorn can be a decent treat for your pup when given in moderation.

Is Popcorn Good for Dogs?

dog popcorn So long as Fido only eats unsalted, unbuttered, and unseasoned popcorn, he may actually be getting several vital minerals for proper canine nutrition including magnesium, manganese, phosphorus, or zinc.

Additionally, he may discover that digestion feels a tiny bit easier on account of popcorn’s fiber content.

However, while plain popcorn can provide small boosts to nutrition, your dog will likely get all of these essential nutritional components from their regular diet of dog food.

Are There Any Risks to Feeding Popcorn to Dogs?

Feeding fully popped, unbuttered, unsalted, and unseasoned popcorn should pose no serious health risks to your furry friend.

However, there are some things to remember when deciding to feed your dog popcorn.

can dogs eat popcorn First, you should watch out for kernels in your dog’s teeth.

Us humans can just pick those suckers out with a toothpick.

And, if we don’t, we can just floss them out later.

Dogs don’t have this luxury. It’s up to the owner to remove bits of kernel stuck in their teeth.

Leaving them in your dog’s mouth isn’t a wise idea, either. Corn kernel pieces can cause tooth decay and gum disease if not fully removed. Kernels can also pose a digestive problem for your pup. Their tough shell is hard for your dog’s gut to break down.

Additionally, things like salt, butter, oil, and other flavorings that make popcorn so scrumptious to eat can cause problems. Butter and oil add unwanted calories to your dog’s diet, while flavorings can cause tummy troubles including vomiting or diarrhea.

“Hey, wait a second” you might be thinking as you reach for the familiar white shaker, “Why is salt included? My dog already gets some salt in his diet! Surely one or two little shakes couldn’t hurt…” 

Unfortunately, adding salt to popcorn is not advised, even if it does make things delicious.

Not only can eating too much salt result in extreme thirst for your dog, but too much salt can even lead to a life-threatening case of sodium ion poisoning.

What is Sodium Ion Poisoning?

pistachio shells dogs Sodium ion poisoning occurs when an animal has ingested too much salt. Too much salt can starve the body of water and lead to the disruption and damage of vital organs. In some cases, this may be fatal.

Symptoms often occur within just a few hours of a dog eating too much salt. The first symptoms typically include extreme thirst and vomiting. These can progress to include diarrhea and lethargy.

If severe enough, salt poisoning can result in tremors, shortness of breath, disorientation, seizures, and death. If you suspect that your dog has ingested enough salt to induce sodium ion poisoning, call your vet immediately and prepare to take your dog in for treatment.

So, here’s the deal with sodium (salt). You won’t need to worry about sodium ion poisoning if you remember and diligently abide by this simple rule: your dog should get between .25 grams and 1.5 grams of salt per day for each pound that they weigh. But, how much is a gram of salt? It’s about 1/6 of a teaspoon, that’s really a tiny amount, so when it comes to adding any salt to your dog’s diet (via popcorn or any other human food), extreme caution is advised.

How Much Salt Should I Give My Dog?

dogs eating popcorn According to the Board on Agriculture and Natural Resources, dogs typically have a recommended daily allowance of no more than 200mg of sodium. However, the recommended daily allowance can increase slightly with your dog’s weight.

However, finding that your dog has only eaten a little more than the recommended amount should not make you fear sodium ion poisoning. A dog needs to eat significant amounts of salt, typically over 1.5 grams of salt per pound of body weight, in order to succumb to sodium ion poisoning. That being said, remember to keep treats to 10 percent or less of your dog’s daily caloric intake.

If you want more information on how to keep your dog happy and healthy, go to our dog page to begin pouring through our extensive list of resources on proper pet care!

Can Dogs Eat Pistachios?

pistachios and dogs

dog ate pistachio shells

Pistachios are one of life’s little treats. Their shells are as fun to crack open as the meat inside is tasty. But imagine one afternoon, after you finish cracking the shells of a whole mound of pistachios, you accidentally spill the whole pile onto the floor.

Your four-legged friend, familiar with the sound of goodies falling on the floor, begins bounding over to scoop some of those “treats” off the floor. 

What should you do?

Let him lap them up and gulp them down? Or quickly replace the fallen pile with a milk bone?

Should You Feed Pistachios to Dogs?

Maybe, but maybe not.

Pistachios are not the best treat to give to dogs and should only be fed to them in moderation. While not inherently harmful, feeding pistachios to your dog can carry a number of risks.

Are Pistachios Dangerous for Dogs?

dog eat pistachio

Pistachios can be a risky food to give to your dog.

One risk is the increase in fat that pistachios contain a high fat content – 205.6 grams per cup. That’s sixteen times the recommended daily amount for a 33-pound dog! This increase in fat can cause vomiting and diarrhea in dogs while putting them at higher risk for chronic diseases later in life.

Additionally, most store-bought pistachios are processed with large quantities of salt which may lead to dehydration. Excessive salt intake can also negatively affect your dog’s ability to retain water which increases the likelihood of developing kidney complications.

Most commercially available pistachios are also sold with their shells on. After getting chewed up, pieces of these shells can act like little shards and cut the inside of your dog’s throat or digestive tract. Which is obviously a concern for people searching online for “dog ate pistachio shells” and “my dog ate a pistachio shell”.

pistachios toxic dogs Pistachios also contain a pair of potentially damaging natural chemicals called phosphorus and urushiol. Phosphorus is thought to be a cause of bladder stones in dogs when ingested in large quantities. Urushiol is the same chemical that causes allergic reactions to poison ivy, and can cause the same reaction on dogs’ faces and around their mouths when ingested.

Perhaps the biggest risk of feeding your dog pistachios is that some pistachios can cause pistachio poisoning.

What is Pistachio Poisoning?

Like cashews, pistachios can suffer from an outbreak of Aspergillus mold if they are grown in hot, arid conditions. This mold produces a toxic compound (mycotoxin) known as aflatoxin. Aflatoxins are among the most poisonous forms of mycotoxins.

pistachio shells dogs If enough pistachios are eaten that are infected with Aspergillus mold, the aflatoxins present can cause acute poisoning (aflatoxicosis). Pistachio poisoning can cause a litany of miserable and potentially life-threatening symptoms, including:

  • Loss of Appetite
  • Jaundice
  • Lethargy
  • Vomiting
  • Orange-colored urine
  • Liver failure
  • Pancreatitis

How to Treat Pistachio Poisoning in Dogs

If you suspect that your dog is suffering from pistachio poisoning, take them to the vet right away. Once there, your vet will likely perform a physical examination, chemical profile, and a complete blood count to check for underlying diseases or toxins such as aflatoxin.

Banixx for Veterinarians

Additionally, x-ray or ultrasound imaging may be taken of your dog’s abdomen to determine whether or not there has been an enlargement of the pancreas or heart.

Once a diagnosis of pistachio poisoning has been made, your vet may focus on providing immediate relief from symptoms first. This can include providing IV fluids for dehydration, prescribing medications for pain and nausea, and Vitamin K supplementation for potential liver damage.

If your dog was presenting with intense vomiting before diagnosis, your vet may recommend you withhold feeding by mouth in order to aid in the healing of the pancreas. Supplementation of pancreatic enzymes may also be prescribed to relieve abdominal pain.

Dogs who develop pancreatitis from pistachio poisoning will likely be recommended to follow a low-fat, high-fiber diet for the rest of their lives.

What to Do if Your Dog Eats Pistachios

First thing’s first: you need to assess the amount of pistachios your dog ate relative to their size. If your pup is of toy size and just ate an entire bowl of pistachios, you should probably get them to a vet. But if your dog is a full-grown Rottweiler and ate two of the nuts, you should just wait and see how they feel over the day.

pistachio dog

Regardless of their size, if your dog has eaten a pistachio that still had its shell on, you’ll want to closely monitor them. You want to make sure they don’t present signs of a throat or bowel obstruction.

If your dog develops complications associated with gastrointestinal distress caused by eating pistachios, be sure to visit our dog page to learn more about our non-toxic, no-odor, fast-acting treatment options!

Can Dogs Eat Apples?

dog eating apple

There’s the old saying that “An apple a day keeps the doctor away”. But, what about vets? 

If you’re munching on a delicious, crunchy apple and hear the familiar whine of your furry best-friend trying to haggle for a bite, should you give them a piece?

Or is it best to go fetch something else for them to eat?

Are Apples Safe for Dogs?

dog eat apple core Yes, absolutely!

Apples have a moderate dose of vitamins A, C, and K, as well as a high fiber content, allowing them to be served as a healthy snack for dogs. Additionally, apples are low in protein and fat, making them a great supplement for dogs who have restrictive diets.

Besides their nutrient content, apples also make an ideal snack for senior dogs. This is due to their high concentration of antioxidants which reduce the symptoms of joint disease. Apples can also improve a dogs’ dental health and breath.

How Much Apple Can I Give My Dog?

dogs and apples Like with any human food, feeding apples to your dog should be done in moderation. Apples are high in sugar, so dogs who suffer from cancer or diabetes should eat them with caution. The increase in sugar that results from apple consumption can also make your dog’s stomach upset, leading to vomiting or diarrhea.

One should also remember: just because feeding apples to a dog is okay does not necessarily mean feeding apple-flavored food to them is, too. Apple-flavored foods often have higher concentrations of sugars, artificial flavors, and preservatives in them. Make sure to read labels to screen for potentially toxic or harmful ingredients.

Like with most foods, there’s always a risk that your dog may be allergic. If your dog is allergic to apples, feeding them apples may lead to the onset of all sorts of nasty symptoms including hot spots, ear infections, or skin infections. If your dog’s allergy is serious enough, an allergic reaction can lead to anaphylaxis, a potentially fatal condition.

How Should You Serve Apples to Dogs?

F apple dog irst thing’s first: make sure to wash the apple. Apple skins tend to have traces of herbicides or pesticides on them, both of which are toxic when consumed. A light douse in cool running water followed by mild scrubbing with a paper towel should do the trick. 

Next, remove the apple’s stem as this is a choking hazard. After the stem has been removed, you’ll want to core and deseed the apple. Deseeding the apple might seem like unnecessary, extra work, but it’s not: apple seeds contain cyanide which is toxic when consumed in large quantities.

Once the apple has been destemmed and cored, chop it up into bite-sized slices. These can be any shape you like, so long as they are small enough to not present a choking hazard. Once the apple has been cut up, there are a variety of potential serving methods.

One method of serving can involve mashing it up into a homemade applesauce that they can lap up. Another involves freezing thin slices for between 30 and 45 minutes and serving them to your dog as treats. You can also mix apples directly into your dog’s food once in a while for a sweet addition into their daily routine.

If your dog develops any of the complications associated with food allergy-driven hotspots or yeast or skin infections, go to our dog page to learn more about our no-odor, non-toxic, fast-acting treatment solutions!

Got An Itchy Horse? The Banixx Itchy Horse Shampoo Is Here To Help

itchy horse remedies

Bugs, heat, humidity, shedding, gunk, all sorts of situations can cause your horse to be itchy. Of course, you see someone else’s horse that never seems to be bothered, yet your own horse is rubbing out every inch of mane and gouging his skin to hamburger via scratching! What can you do?

We’re in the hot season and just that can make your horse itchy. A good grooming session will reveal any small abrasions, bug bites and troublesome spots, and it’s your first defense.  Put that rubber curry or glove to work!

Additionally, good airflow is important for your horse’s health; muggy conditions with no airflow can be uncomfortable for anyone, and especially your horse, adding to his ‘itchies’. Parasites can cause your horse to itch, so fecal checks and deworming are important protocols to maintain.

Use a Medicated Horse Shampoo

Is Your Horse Itchy?

Are regular grooming and air quality still not fully relieving your horse’s discomfort? A good bath with a quality product like Banixx Medicated Shampoo may be in order. Wet your horse and massage in the shampoo, then let it sit for about 10 minutes before rinsing.

The chlorhexidine in Banixx Medicated Shampoo helps kill bacteria and fungus while the marine collagen soothes, moisturizes and heals the skin. And it’s a soap-free shampoo that does NOT contain parabens, sulfates, alcohol or steroids. No harsh detergents, so it will not dry out your horse’s (or pet’s – yes, it is great for dogs and other animals) skin or coat.

Use A Horse & Pet Care Spray On Troublesome Spots

After your horse dries from his bath, spray Banixx Horse & Pet Care Spray directly on the troublesome spots. Then follow up with an application of the Banixx Wound Care Cream for a horse that is hyper-itchy. This step is helpful as a daily maintenance as well. Banixx Horse & Pet Care Spray is safe to use around the eyes.

Areas To Pay Special Attention To While Grooming and Washing

  • How To Wash Your Horse

    Ears – If your horse has bug bites or sores in his ears wipe them out with Banixx Horse & Pet Care Spray that you can apply via a cotton ball, then apply a thin layer of Banixx Wound Care Cream.

  • Under the dock of your horse’s tail – This area gets grimy and can get itchy from dirt and dander build-up. Ticks also seem to like this area.
  • Clean your gelding’s sheath – Some start scratching at their flank area when their sheaths are grubby.
  • Clean your mare’s udders – Important and often over-looked; that area can get mucky and itchy too.
  • Little bugs like to bite your horse’s sensitive belly line, so cleaning and protecting that centerline should not be overlooked. A good application of Banixx spray will fix irritations in this area.

Fly Sprays & Bug Deterrents

Various fly sprays and bug deterrent products are out there to keep the bugs at bay; however, they need to be ‘swapped up’/rotated as something might work for a bit then it stops working. Perhaps the bugs change or become immune? For horses with sensitive skin, be careful, it is easy to burn your horse’s skin with some fly/bug repellents!

Horse Husbandry Solutions

On a final note, if the irritation issues can be resolved with good horse husbandry rather than using more products, then you are doing your horse a favor (and yourself) – quality grooming time and less ‘stuff’ (medication/herbs/etc.) flowing through his system is a plus.  Medications and herbal solutions can have side-affects that outweigh their benefits, and/or may be banned for competition horses.

The use of medications and herbal remedies should be carefully discussed with your veterinarian and used sparingly. Know the rules/regulations if you compete! And, use non-steroidal, non-antibiotic products, like Banixx products, to help keep you and your horse safe, and following the rules/regulations!

We hope you found this article helpful and if your horse ever gets any cuts, abrasions, scratches or white line disease, we hope you keep Banixx Horse & Pet Care in mind.

Can Dogs Take Melatonin?

melatonin for dogs

The pet supplements field was a $1.6 billion industry last year, and it’s only growing!

Pet parents are clearly putting their money where their mouth is when they say “I’d do anything for my dog”.

However, one supplement in particular seems to have taken the pet supplements field (and pet parents’ attention) by storm: it’s melatonin.

Known for its fast-acting, soothing effects, melatonin has been touted as a catch-all by some to treat the effects of a variety of diseases and ailments in dogs.

However, limited peer-reviewed research on melatonin’s benefits and potential negative effects cast doubt in some people’s minds about whether or not melatonin is even safe for pets.

So, is it okay to reach for the melatonin for your dog just as you might reach for ibuprofen?

Is melatonin something we should be weary of when giving it to our fur babies?

Or is the truth somewhere in the middle?

What is Melatonin?

Melatonin is a naturally occurring hormone that helps regulate your body’s sleep cycle. It’s produced by the pineal gland, and how much your body produces depends on how much sunlight you get each day. Normally, your body produces more melatonin in the evening and it begins the entire process at a slower pace in the morning.

Why Do People Take Melatonin?

People who struggle with insomnia often find relief from sleeplessness by taking melatonin. However, it’s not as though you need to be tossing and turning all night, every night to benefit from taking melatonin. People who have anxiety, or who have work schedules which constantly interrupt sleep, or who are just jetlagged may all be able to enjoy more satisfying rest from taking melatonin.

Why Is Melatonin Given To Dogs?

dog peeing on bed There are a variety of ailments and disorders where the use of melatonin can help alleviate the effects. This includes anxiety, insomnia, Cushing’s disease, and Alopecia.

Melatonin produces a calming effect which some vets find successfully lessens the severity of anxiety in dogs. For dogs with anxiety disorders, taking melatonin can help them mellow out during times of stress. Lower stress means a happier pup, and a lower chance of them practicing unhealthy coping mechanisms like chewing or biting.

Some dogs also have trouble getting to bed and staying asleep, just like humans! For these bleary-eyed pups, taking melatonin before bedtime can help them sleep through the night and remain more alert during the day.

Cushing’s Disease is a less common ailment than anxiety or insomnia, but some vets praise melatonin’s ability to lessen the disease’s side effects. Cushing’s Disease involves the overproduction of the hormone Cortisol, which can cause frequent urination, low energy, and various skin conditions. This disease is sometimes caused by a tumor on a dog’s adrenal or pituitary gland. In these cases, taking melatonin may block the uptake of excess Cortisol and reduce symptoms.

Some dogs also have what’s called Seasonal Flank Alopecia, where they just lose patches of hair near their tail during the winter. Some vets have prescribed melatonin to prevent this hair loss, though there is inconclusive evidence on the actual correlative relationship between taking melatonin and slowing hair loss.

Is Melatonin Safe for Dogs?

dog licking his lips The answer is: kind of and sometimes, but, you should consult a veterinarian before giving melatonin to your dog.

It’s easy to find ample anecdotal evidence from pet owners and vets alike on the observed positive effects of giving dogs melatonin. Many of these accounts detail notable reductions in symptoms associated with the disorder or ailment being treated, as well as the lack of negative side effects.

However, take note, the actual benefits of melatonin, as well as its expected interactions with other medications, are not fully understood and haven’t been fully researched.

When Can Dogs Not Have Melatonin?

Some dogs are not advised to take melatonin at all.

Diabetic dogs should not take melatonin. Melatonin can cause insulin resistance which can exacerbate the severity of diabetes and lead to potentially life-threatening complications.

Dogs who are currently on other medication shouldn’t take melatonin, either. Doing so would be taking an unnecessary risk of the melatonin having a negative interaction with one or more of your dog’s current medications.

Pregnant dogs should also avoid also taking melatonin unless prescribed by a veterinarian. Likewise, puppies under 12 weeks old shouldn’t take melatonin unless authorized by your vet. Melatonin’s potential effects on development have not been formally studied, so it’s not worth the risk just to get Mama or the pups to sleep a bit more soundly. (Though we understand why you’d be tempted!)

However, most fully-grown dogs won’t experience any negative side effects from taking melatonin. If they experience any, they may experience an upset stomach, accelerated heart rate, drowsiness, changes in fertility and/or confusion.

But, if your dog does experience any negative reactions from taking melatonin, call your vet right away. They will likely want your dog to come in for a full examination in order to determine next steps.

How Much Melatonin Should I Give My Dog?

mixed breed dog You will need a qualified veterinarian to give a proper melatonin dosage for your dog. Vets can safely tailor a melatonin dosage to work in tandem with your dog’s other medical treatment plans. This sort of diligent planning is necessary if you want to avoid unwanted complications.

Dosing melatonin for dogs usually is done by using their bodyweight to gauge how high of a dose is appropriate. The following guidelines, developed by the American Kennel Club, should only serve as an example of how much melatonin should be administered at different tiers of body weight, please work with your Veterinarian for a safer outcome.

Generally, dogs less than ten pounds should take no more than 1 mg of melatonin per dose.

Dogs between ten pounds and 25 pounds should take no more than 1.5 mg per dose.

Dogs between 26 pounds and 100 pounds should take no more than 3 mg per dose.

Dogs weighing above 100 pounds can take between 3 mg and 6 mg per dose.

You should also remember to never give your dog melatonin more than three times per day. More than that can lead to some of the unwanted side effects described above.

How Should I Give Melatonin To My Dog?

dog allergies of the skin Once you and a qualified veterinarian have agreed on a melatonin supplementation plan for your pup, there are many ways you can administer the melatonin.

For dogs with low-frequency doses, try tossing a melatonin treat to get them to take their medicine and enjoy it, too. Dogs who need more frequent doses have tons of options to choose from: there are melatonin tablets, pills, drops, and chewables that all can easily be mixed into dog food or peanut butter.

However, be sure to read the label of any melatonin supplement you give your dog. Some melatonin supplements contain an artificial sweetener called xylitol which is extremely toxic to dogs. If the supplements you’ve chosen contain xylitol, don’t kick yourself. Just cut your losses, get a new bottle, and your four-legged friend may be snoring soundly in no time (hopefully not too loudly!).

If you’re interested in learning more about better ways to care for your pet, head on over to our dog page for regular tips and tidbits on how to keep your dog happy and healthy!

Can Dogs Eat Mango?

mango eating dog

With summer in full swing, our buggies at the supermarket are filled with goods that quench our thirst while giving us something yummy to snack on.

Chief among our selection? Nature’s candy: the mango.

Its soft, succulent flesh provides a tangy, almost tart taste that makes it the perfect addition to a smoothie or eaten by itself!

After you’ve finished dicing or cubing your mango, you wonder whether or not you should give some to your four-legged friend, or if you should just slice up some cucumber for them and call it a day.

Can Dogs Have Mangos?

Yes! Dogs can absolutely have mangos so long as they’ve been peeled and had their pits removed.

More on the peels and pits below. 

Not only are these sweet fruits delicious and refreshing, but they’re also rich in essential vitamins and minerals that make them a perfect treat for your canine companion.

What Are Some Benefits of Feeding Mangos to Dogs?

mangos and dogs Mangos are rich in a variety of essential vitamins and minerals that promote healthy living for your dog.

To start, mangos are a great source of vitamins A, B6, C, and E. That means eating mangos can help reduce inflammation and cognitive aging while boosting nervous system function, hormone regulation, and immune system function.

Mangos are also a good source of dietary fiber and critical nutrients like antioxidants, beta carotene, and potassium that help lower cholesterol levels, boost the immune system, and improve digestive health.

Are There Any Risks With Feeding Mangos to Dogs?

The only risks your dog faces by eating mango come from the parts of the fruit no one even typically wants: the peels and the pits.


While dogs can technically can eat mango skin (though we’re not sure why they’d want to), it’s generally not advised. A mango’s leathery skin can be tough for your pup to digest, and this can lead to tummy troubles down the line. (Mango peel can be a choking hazard, and, as a relative of poison ivy, mango peel can also be a skin irritant.)

However, dogs should absolutely not eat the tough pit found in the fruit’s interior. Biting into one can damage your dog’s teeth. Plus, they’re notoriously difficult to swallow and present a serious choking hazard. What’s worse, even if your dog can swallow a mango pit, it can still get stuck and damage their digestive tract.

If you suspect your dog has swallowed a mango pit and they are not showing signs of choking or abdominal discomfort, diligently monitor their behavior for a few hours. But, if you see your dog eat a mango pit and begin choking or exhibiting changed behavior, call your vet immediately.

Finally, remember that mangos have a very high sugar content. You want to avoid feeding your dog too much sugar to avoid unwanted calories, and because sugar can cause bellyaches or diarrhea.

How Should You Serve Mango to Dogs?

Before you decide to feed your dog mango, consult with your veterinarian to gauge how much mango you can serve and how often. Your vet will likely recommend that mangos only be used as a treat, and that treats should only represent 10% of your dog’s caloric intake.

To serve mango to your dog properly, you’ll first need to peel the mango and it should be a ripe mange to avoid any tummy upsets.

To do this, stand the mango on its end, with the stem-side facing down.

Remember: the pit is a large, flat oval in the center of the mango.

With a sharp knife, cut from the top of the mango and go down one side of the pit. Then, repeat on the other side.

Once both halves have been sliced, lay the halves on a cutting surface with their skins facing down. Cut long, thin strips lengthwise into the flesh of the meat, being careful not to pierce the skin. Then, turn your knife and cut crosswise. After, carefully begin to turn your mango inside out. You should be rewarded with easy-to-scrape off mango cubes!

Repeat this process with the other half.

After removing the cubes from both halves, go ahead and trim any remaining fruit around the pit. Once all the available fruit has been dug out, throw the pit and peels away in a pet-proof container.

After gathering all of the fruit together, your mango is ready to serve! Offer these refreshing, candy-like chunks, in moderation, as described above, as a delicious reward for good behavior!

If you’re curious about knowing more about how to keep your pets looking and feeling their best, even when problems arise, keep up by visiting our dog page or dog blog where we spill the best ways to keep your dog feeling happy and healthy.

cut mangos for dogs